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We just lost a giant in the development economy

By Development economics No Comments

With the passing of Thandika Mkandawire on March 27, 2020, the world lost a development giant, a towering economist, a brilliant thinker and a committed fighter for social justice.

Born in 1940, Thandika first experienced the slap of injustice in her early childhood. One night, trucks arrived with soldiers and took Thandika’s family from their farm in Malawi. They relocated to a town on the Copperbelt in Zambia. There he attended school (for blacks only) and was protected by his family from the brutal inequalities of the time, until one day he and a friend walked into an opulent white residential neighborhood to sell vegetables, and white children insulted and made fun of them. .

As a young man, Thandika began writing for newspapers, but in 1965 he was appointed “persona non grata” in his country, the newly independent Malawi, then ruled by pro-apartheid dictator Kamuzu Banda. He managed to study in the United States (at Ohio State University), South Africa (Rhodes University) and Sweden (Stockholm University), where he eventually settled as a political refugee, living proof that refugee policies are working.

Soon Thandika excelled as a brilliant researcher. He realized that he did not have to spend his years in exile outside Africa, awaiting the liberation of Malawi (he would not return until 1994 after thirty years of exile). In 1982 he moved to Harare, working at the Institute for Development Studies of Zimbabwe, and in 1986 to Senegal, where he became Director of the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA) based in Dakar.

From 1998 to 2009, he was Director of the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) in Geneva, then professor at the Institute for Future Studies in Stockholm and holder of the African Development Chair at London School of Economics (LSE). It was in Geneva that I first met Thandika who, unlike many academics and UN bureaucrats, was passionate and full of life. His writings are so powerful because he has firsthand experience with issues of development and social injustice.

His work on “Targeting and Universalism in Poverty Reduction” (2005) opened my eyes – and remains relevant today. As developing countries tried to build their universal social protection systems after independence, the debt crisis and adjustment period of the 1980s interrupted the process and pushed governments to abandon universalism for Less expensive, minimal and targeted safety nets for the poor, accompanied by private services for the rich. The inequitable American model has been imported into developing countries. At a time when the world is ideologically tilting towards neoliberalism, blind to its shocking inequalities, Thandika has courageously championed social policies and the developmental state, as shown in her excellent work on Social Policy in a Development Context (2004).

Thandika had a curious and lively mind, attached to difficult truths, as evidenced by her works such as “Disempowering New Democracies” (2006), “Maladjusted African Economies and Globalization” (2004) and “The Spread of Economic Doctrines and Policymaking in Africa. postcolonial ”(2014), among many others. I must also mention his very important book, African intellectuals, political culture and development (2002).

Thandika Mkandawire was a humble human being. He was truly a kind, modest, warm soul, laughing at everything and generous with his time with people. He could go from serious analysis to hilarious observation in a second, and he still had human stories to share. There has been a cascade of sad social media posts since his passing; he was loved by so many people.

The last time we met he was tired (I didn’t know he was sick), but after a few drinks he explained with the same passion as always his research on African industrialization: realizes that all the conditions are there! I asked him his opinion on some things at the UN, and we ended up laughing at the bureaucrats, their ridiculous ideas and the way things are – the same as usual. “Don’t compromise,” he told me, “you start to compromise on a little thing and soon you are one of them.” It was Thandika – he was a mentor and an inspiration to many of us.

The world has indeed lost a giant, an exceptional economist committed to social justice. He was an intellectual hero, fighting against the tide, one of the best directors of all time at the United Nations. Few people on this planet have taken such gigantic strides – from a small village in Malawi to a distinguished professor in some of the best universities in the world. What would the ignorant white children who laughed at Thandika think now, if they knew?

Sincere condolences to his wife Kaarina, his family and his friends. He will be sorely missed. But his thoughts and memories remain with us. Hasta siempre, Thandika.

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Bangladesh makes history at the 2020 International Economics Olympiad

By International economics No Comments

Bangladesh has, for the first time, won four bronze medals in an international Olympiad. The International Economics Olympiad (IEO) is a global competition organized for high school students to stimulate their interest in economics, business and finance through a creative problem-solving approach.

The competition consisted of a Financial Literacy Cycle, a real-world simulation game that tested participants’ ability to maximize capital and utilities by investing in stocks, bonds, ETFs, real estate and ‘other variables. The business cycle consisted of multiple choice and theory questions that tested their economic knowledge. Finally, the business case required participants to come up with a pricing strategy for the Covid-19 vaccine from a leading pharmaceutical product. Bangladesh achieved the 3rd position in the business case cycle and the 5th position in the financial education cycle, among 29 other countries.

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IEO 2020, was to be hosted in the capital of Kazakhstan, Nur-Sultan; however, due to the pandemic, it has been held online. The IEO Organizing Committee organized the competition on a specially designed platform. They have set up facilities to unite participants from all over the world and provide a healthy experience. Participants from all over the world had the opportunity to meet remarkable people – Eric Maskin, Nobel Laureate in Economics and Professor at Harvard University, N. Gregory Mankiw, Marc Uzan and many more. In addition to enjoying lectures from renowned economists, participants took part in various virtual cultural events, games and entertainment sessions.

The Bangladesh team consisted of seven members, including five participants: Syed Nazif Ishrak from Sunnydale School, Faraz M. Choudhury from Sunbeams School, Darpan Barua, Esfar Jawad and Promi Zaman from SFX Greenherald International School. The two team leaders were Md. Al-Amin Parvez, lecturer of the Dhaka School of Economics and chairman of the executive committee of the Bangladesh Economic Olympiad (BDEO) and Akhtar Ahmed, chairman of the Capstone School and coach of the Bangladesh Economic Olympiad national team. (BDEO).

Syed Nazif, Darpan Barua, Faraz Choudhury and Promi Zaman received bronze medals in the individual performance category, which is a first for Bangladesh. Nazif Ishrak had the team’s highest score and Promi Zaman was in the top ten in financial literacy.

They participated in the IEO under the supervision of the BDEO committee which is the official partner to send a national team to the event. The chairman of the national committee of BDEO is Dr Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmad, president of the Dhaka School of Economics. The secretary of the executive committee of BDEO is Rafid Abrar and the organizing secretary is Tahsinul Islam.

The official competition platform is and the outreach partner is the Strategic Development Council. Participants are proud to represent Bangladesh in this prestigious international platform and bring four individual bronze medals and one team bronze medal for the first time to Bangladesh taking on countries like USA, Canada, China, Russia, Switzerland, India, Iran and others. .

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Liberian earns PhD in international development economics from Peking University in Beijing

By Development economics No Comments

BEIJING – A Liberian, Plingloh Emmanuel Munyeneh, on Saturday received a doctorate from the National Development School (NSD) at Peking University in Beijing, China. in international development economics. His research focuses on the link between forest and agricultural land and the implications for access to land and property rights and poverty reduction. According to Dr Munyeneh, he used the Wonegizi Forest in Lofa County as the unit of analysis for his research.

The findings of his research call for a jurisdictional approach in the implementation of international standards that have far-reaching implications for national governments, particularly on the indigenous poor. Most developing countries are sensitive to international agreements that do not easily fit the “one size fits all” approach. Developing countries must therefore ensure that international agreements are strongly aligned with their national development plans as well as with the SDGs. Most importantly, national governments must be in the driver’s seat every step of the way in the implementation process.

He noted that his time at Peking University gave him a different perspective on how to tackle issues of poverty and inequality. African governments must begin to wonder how China became the world’s second-largest economy when in the late 1970s it was part of the poorest billion with one of the lowest GDPs. Using path dependence, intellectual clarity, and management skills can help developing countries unravel the mystery and pursue the miracle of economic growth and development that is at the heart of peace and prosperity. stability.

Prior to pursuing his academic career at China’s premier university, Mr. Munyeneh was Deputy Minister of International Cooperation at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It is thanks to the regularity of his production that he obtained the scholarship through the Chinese Embassy near Monrovia. He has held several positions including that of technical advisor to the former Minister of Education, the Hon. Othello Gongar. He has also served as Deputy Director General of the Forestry Development Authority and a consultant to the Environmental Protection Agency, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Liberia Governance Commission and a few international organizations.

Dr Munyeneh graduated in 2010 from the University of Maryland College Park where he obtained a double master’s degree in international development and environmental policy. He also graduated in 1998/99 from the University of Liberia with a B.Sc. in Economics.

Dr Munyeneh expressed his deep thanks to God, Almighty. Noting that nothing good comes easy and that a journey started three years ago has finally paid off. He thanked his family and friends for all the support they gave during his time at university.

He also expressed his gratitude to the administrations of former President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf for trusting him, as well as to President George Weah for recognizing the importance of education as a foundation for peace. , sustainable economic growth and development. Dr Munyeneh also acknowledged the efforts of the Chinese Embassy near Monrovia and the People’s Republic of China for giving him the opportunity to enhance his career.

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IGC Patna Summer School in Development Economics

By Development economics No Comments

Maurya Hotel, 9e– 14eAugust 2020

The International Growth Center, led by the London School of Economics (LSE) and the University of Oxford, together with the Center for Development Studies (CDS) Thiruvananthapuram and the Indian Institute of Management, Shillong is organizing the 2sdIGC Patna Summer School in Development Economics 9e – 14eAugust 2020. The workshop will take place at the Maurya Hotel, Patna.

The workshop is intended for advanced doctoral students, students with recent doctorates, university professors with recent doctorates, post-docs, and public officials engaged in research from government departments. The workshop will consist of lectures on a range of topics, reviewing current exploratory research, with a focus on quantitative methods relevant to contemporary political issues in India. Participants will have the opportunity to meet guest speakers during allotted office hours to discuss their research.

Structure: The sessions cover relevant technical and political topics. These include the introduction to micro-econometric methods for research, including randomized controlled trials (RCTs); the latest research in gender economics, economics of education, agricultural economics, health economics, issues related to migration, technology and innovation and public finance.


Anu Rammohan, University of Western Australia

Arjun Bedi, International Institute for Labor Studies (ISS), The Hague

Chittur S Srinivasan, University of Reading

Faculty, Indian Institute of Management, Shillong (to be confirmed)

Gaurav Chiplunkar, University of Virginia

M Parameswaran, Center for Development Studies

Sugata Marjit, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade

Sunil Mani, Center for Development Studies

Note to applicants: Applications should include an up-to-date CV, research sample, and grade sheet or transcript from their Masters / MPhil / PhD program. All applicants must also complete the application form (Connect: for IGC PatnaSummer School. If you have any further questions, please email with the subject line ‘IGC Patna Summer School 2020’.

2sd Class AC train travel and all local expenses, including accommodation, will be reimbursed for participants accepted at a remote station. Applications must be submitted by 30eApril 2020 and acceptance decisions will be made by 30e June 2020.

Please circulate this notice to your facility / post on the notice board.

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ThinkWhy® launches LaborIQ ™ to bridge the gap between labor economics and compensation planning in a new era of work

By Labor economics No Comments

DALLAS – (COMMERCIAL THREAD) – ThinkWhy, a SaaS company helping businesses navigate a new era of work, launched LaborIQ, its flagship solution to help businesses better understand today’s workforce supply and demand. hui and to achieve a strategic advantage in the market. The historically low unemployment rate has forced the US economy into a skilled labor shortage, forcing businesses more than ever to consider various economic variables to stay competitive and plan for employment costs in 2020 and beyond. LaborIQ unlocks the meaning of US labor market data, offering insight into labor supply and demand. The product allows business leaders to search for positions by metro, learn how to structure base pay, and compare pay for specific roles and teams.

“We designed and built the LaborIQ platform to make labor market data – previously only decipherable by economists – accessible and affordable for all businesses,” said Claudine Zachara, co-founder, president and head of the operating ThinkWhy. “Our objective by creating LaborIQ and our company”Why, ‘is to deliver in-depth analysis to businesses of all sizes, providing HR and hiring managers with data and information to support strategic hiring and business decisions. The growth of a business depends on the talent it attracts and retains, and LaborIQ is an essential tool to help HR and hiring managers know exactly what salaries to offer and understand the main impacts on economic performance on the job. supply and demand for talent.

A new platform for a new era of work

The past decade has seen fundamental changes in the workplace, creating a new landscape for business and the job market. This new reality places even greater emphasis on attracting, retaining and rewarding talent, especially as HR and hiring managers face the headwinds of a labor shortage. qualified work. What has not changed are the labor market tools that companies use to optimize decision making. Businesses lack access to the essential information and context they need to gain a competitive advantage and achieve their growth goals.

ThinkWhy’s founding team, led by Zachara, Managing Director Ron Johnsey and CTO David Kramer, recognized the opportunity to demystify the challenges companies face when making business and business decisions based on disparate labor market data. They saw an opportunity to create a product linking economic planning and compensation planning through an intuitive platform that addresses the roles, skills and modern compensation models created by the evolution of technology and the way we do business. work.

Technologically complex but universally accessible

The deceptively simple and easy-to-use LaborIQ platform is a complex technical feat of engineering: extracting data from multiple databases, reformatting it, and analyzing it to help companies customize data based on their needs and find out “why this is important”. The platform is 100% serverless, making ThinkWhy one of the few companies in Texas that is completely free to quickly develop and deploy the latest technological advancements. The platform is designed for ease of use at all endpoints and its architecture allows for unlimited scalability.

“LaborIQ gives you a better understanding of the labor economy and the factors that impact compensation planning, and gives you the controls to personalize your analysis and disseminate information throughout your organization,” said David Kramer, CTO at ThinkWhy. “We’ve supported the complexity of dense data aggregation and analysis, so organizations can access actionable information through an intuitive platform. ”

LaborIQ’s flagship features and products include:

  • The only platform in the marketplace to connect US labor market analysis with workforce and compensation planning

  • Simplified and actionable economic information for your business on every page

  • Detailed data and reports for HR and hiring managers, as well as high-level economic job information for business leaders

  • Six-year forecasts and analyzes for each metropolitan area in the United States

  • Ability to create personalized compensation planning reports by job title, industry, metropolitan area, etc.

  • Forecast of supply, demand and compensation for more than 40,000 job titles based on historical national or metropolitan data

  • Customizable dashboards, unlimited downloads and white label reports

LaborIQ is currently available to all organizations operating in the United States. Visit for more information and pricing.

About ThinkWhy®

ThinkWhy is helping businesses navigate a new era of work by creating modern, human-centric software that supports better work lives. The company’s first product, LaborIQ ™, helps employers understand metropolitan performance metrics, talent supply and demand, wages by occupation, and compares individuals and teams through an intuitive platform – with concrete responses to support the company’s strategic planning. Learn more about or follow us on Twitter and Instagram at @ThinkWhy_ and on Facebook at @ThinkWhyLLC and LinkedIn at @ ThinkWhy-LLC.

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How randomized trials became important in development economics

By Development economics No Comments

The 2019 Nobel Prize in Economics was awarded to three researchers for “their experimental approach to reducing global poverty”, an approach that “transformed development economics”.

What are randomized experiments? And why have they become so influential in development economics?

Improving the quality of life, especially for the poor, is considered one of the main goals of modern societies. It requires a certain level of wealth. For centuries, economists have been concerned with understanding why some nations have “developed” economically and others not.

But a more immediate question is: what can be done in the present? Specifically, what policies should less developed countries adopt to improve the lives of their citizens?

Development economics as a sub-discipline originated in the 1940s and 1950s. For pioneers such as Paul Rosenstein-Rodan, W. Arthur Lewis, and Albert Hirschman, development economics meant studying the means by which poor countries could achieve large-scale societal transformation. They used a variety of analytical approaches, which indicated that industrialization was the engine of development.

Arthur Lewis, originally from Saint Lucia, received the 1979 Nobel Prize in Economics. It was in recognition of his study of the means by which countries with an unlimited supply of labor – as is the case for many developing countries – could achieve economic development.

One view of the development challenge is that it is fundamentally about answering causal questions. If a country adopts a particular policy, will it lead to increased economic growth, reduced poverty, or other improved well-being of citizens?

In recent decades, economists have worried about the reliability of methods previously used to identify causal relationships. In addition to these methodological concerns, some have argued that “big theories of development” are either incorrect or at least have failed to deliver significant improvements in many developing countries.

Two notable examples are the idea that developing countries can be caught in a poverty trap that requires a “big push” to get out of it and the idea that institutions are essential for growth and development.

These concerns about methods and policies have provided fertile ground for haphazard experiments in development economics. The revival of interest in experimental approaches in economics began in the early 1990s. Researchers began to use “natural experiments”, where, for example, random variation was part of a policy rather than decided by one. researcher, to examine causality.

But it really gained momentum in the 2000s, with researchers such as Nobel Laureates designing and implementing experiments to study a wide range of microeconomic questions.

Randomized trials

Proponents of these methods argued that a focus on “small” problems was more likely to be successful. They also argued that randomized experiments would lend credibility to economic analysis by providing a simple solution to causal questions.

These experiments randomly assign treatment to certain members of a group and compare the results with other members who did not receive treatment. For example, to test whether providing credit helps grow small businesses or increases their chances of success, a researcher might partner with a financial institution and randomly allocate credit to applicants who meet certain basic requirements. . Then, a year later, the researcher would compare changes in sales or employment in small businesses that received the credit with those that did not.

Randomized trials are not a new method of research. They are best known for their use in the testing of new drugs. The first medical experiment using controlled randomization took place in the aftermath of World War II. The British government used it to assess the effectiveness of a drug for the treatment of tuberculosis.

In the early 20th century and mid-20th century, American researchers used experiments like this to examine the effects of various social policies. Examples included income protection and social housing.

The introduction of these methods in development economics has also followed an increase in their use in other areas of the economy. The study of labor markets is one example.

Randomized controlled trials in economics are now mainly used to assess the impact of social policy interventions in poor and middle-income countries. The work of 2019 Nobel Laureates – Michael Kremer, Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo – includes experiences in Kenya and India on teacher attendance, textbook provision, nurse attendance tracking, and granting of microcredits.

The popularity of the approach among academics and policy makers is not only due to its apparent ability to resolve methodological and policy issues. It is also due to the very deliberate and well-funded advocacy of its supporters.

Major funders

A key player is the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL), which was founded by Duflo and Banerjee. Since its creation in 2003, J-PAL has carried out 876 political experiments in 80 countries. One estimate suggests he received around $ 300 million between 2003 and 2018, from various institutions. These include the World Bank, the UK Department for International Development and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

J-PAL appears to have played a role in the World Bank’s decision in 2005 to establish a dedicated impact evaluation unit made up of former J-PAL associates to conduct randomized trials. The number of such experiences used in World Bank evaluations rose from zero in 2000 to just over two-thirds of all evaluations in 2010.

These changes have taken place in a broader international context where the emphasis is increasingly on “evidence-based policy”. The idea is that political decisions should be based on “objective”, “rigorous” and “rational” information and analysis. While it may seem obvious, there is a lot of debate about what this actually means in practice.

Against this background, proponents of randomized trials have sought to position their preferred methods as the most reliable form of evidence.

But there is strong opposition to the approach. This argues that the experiments are not as reliable or useful as they are claimed. Some even say that many such experiments do not meet ethical principles and may in fact undermine development efforts.

This is the first article in a two-part series on randomized trials. The next one will argue that the usefulness and relevance of randomized trials for development issues have been seriously overestimated.

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DNA Edit: Welfare economics – Stealing Peter to pay Paul is the new mantra

By Welfare economics No Comments

Savvy analysts who have traditionally predicted the rise of the so-called “right-wing” economy in India with the arrival of the BJP are somewhat baffled. Instead of everything they had postulated and envisioned, a new form of welfare economics emerged, as demonstrated by the recent Union budget. For starters, the government has raised the highest tax bracket for the super-rich, increasing a surcharge of 3% for people earning Rs 2-5 crore and 7% for those earning more than 5 crore. of Rs. This surcharge will help the government to earn an additional Rs 13,000 crore.

The highest tax bracket would mean new effective rates of 39% for income of Rs 2 to 5 crore and of 42.74% for income above Rs 5 crore. This is no small surprise. in a country where taxpayers have traditionally made up the confined middle class, whose withholding tax deduction (TDS) leaves them no choice but to spit.

Fortunately, this scenario seems to be changing. The other government initiative is to monitor the increase in questionable cash transactions. Banks have been advised to keep track of cash transactions above Rs 1 crore per year. In the budget, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced 2% TDS on cash withdrawals over Rs 1 crore per year, by bank account.

A senior official quoted by this article said that the number of those who make cash withdrawals over 1 crore rupees per year has reached a few lakh crore. In many cases, it has been found that their permanent account number or PAN is misquoted or not cited at all. As a result, the government believes the measure would help bring more of the wealthy below the top tax bracket.

Data from the Income Tax Department puts the number of individual taxpayers declaring income above 1 crore rupee at 81,344 in 2017-18. Even during Narendra Modi’s first term, the government has consistently insisted on using the PAN-Aadhaar link, to identify a better audit trail and to make all transactions responsible and legitimate to the extent possible. That this budget bears the stamp of the welfare economy everywhere is evident in its speech against the rich, while seeking the support of the business community in building a just and equitable society. No doubt the rich would complain, but there is consistency in the political message here.

The finance minister, in the aftermath of the budget, justified increasing the highest tax rates for the rich by saying that income disparities are increasing and that the rich need to help the government provide for them. needs of the poorest segments of society.

According to her, the poor simply cannot be allowed to remain without basic amenities. “We respect them (the rich) for the job-creating role they play … But with increasing income disparities, shouldn’t we all be participating?” Was his refrain. The government cited the example of several developed countries where those with higher incomes pay more taxes. Even so late, it is an idea whose time has come in India.

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International economy and securing new generation 5G wireless networks: conversation with Amb. Robert Strayer | American Institute of Business

By International economics No Comments


Wednesday May 29, 2019 | 9:00 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. ET

AEI, Auditorium
1789 Massachusetts Avenue NO
Washington, DC 20036

Summary of the event

On May 29, Amb. Robert Strayer from the US State Department visited AEI to discuss US leadership in fifth generation (5G) wireless networks and the economic and security implications.
Amb. Strayer began by discussing the benefits of 5G networks, such as increased speeds and reduced latency, which will allow billions of new devices to gain connectivity. He discussed the need for increased security and how the United States is urging foreign countries to take a risk-based approach. He and AEI’s Shane Tews also looked at possible security holes in 5G and the “non-technical factors” involved.

During the panel of experts, Zack Cooper of AEI highlighted the massive scale of intellectual property theft in China. He noted that China’s foreign investment has put many countries in a position where banning Chinese companies from their 5G networks seems untenable. Panelists discussed key concerns with Huawei, including sanctions violations, unfair subsidies and the Chinese government’s influence on the company. Mark Jamison of AEI discussed the massive investments required to deploy 5G networks. Peter Rysavy of Rysavy Research explained the technological innovations that will make 5G networks faster, more flexible and more integrated and why these same advancements mean that Huawei’s involvement in 5G poses a major national security risk.

-Kiaran Pethokoukis

description of the event

Next-generation 5G wireless networks will soon be deployed globally, increasing the speed, reliability and responsiveness of wireless networks. In addition to benefiting smartphones, the enhanced capabilities of 5G wireless will open up massive new opportunities in healthcare, connected cars, entertainment, industrial automation applications, and more.

As Assistant Under Secretary for Cyber ​​Policy and International Communications at the US State Department, Robert Strayer has been a champion of this revolutionary technology. He focused on ensuring secure networks so that 5G can bring productivity to the US market without posing a security threat. Join AEI’s Shane Tews as Amb. Strayer discusses US leadership in securing 5G networks and the economic and business benefits of this new technology. A round table of experts will follow.

Join the conversation on social media by following @AEI and @AEItech on Twitter and Facebook.

If you are unable to attend, we invite you to watch the event live on this page. The full video will be posted within 24 hours.


8:45 am

9:00 a.m.
Shane Tews, IAE

9:05 am
Robert strayer, US Department of State

9:20 a.m.
Robert strayer, US Department of State
Shane Tews, IAE

9:30 AM
Questions and answers

9:35 a.m.
Round table

Zack Cooper, IAE
Marc Jamison, IAE
Pierre Rysavy, Rysavy Research

Shane Tews, IAE

10:20 a.m.
Questions and answers


Contact details

For more information, please contact Matt Au at [email protected], 202.862.5918.

Zack Cooper is a research fellow at the AEI, where he studies US defense strategy in Asia, US alliances and partnerships in Asia, strategic competition between the US and China, and Chinese economic policy and coercion. Prior to joining AEI, Dr Cooper was Senior Research Fellow for Security in Asia at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and Research Fellow at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments. He was also assistant to the Deputy National Security Advisor for Counterterrorism at the National Security Council of the White House and Special Assistant to the Deputy Principal Under Secretary of Defense for Policy at the Ministry of Defense. Dr Cooper has been published in several academic journals, including International Security, Security Studies, and the US Naval War College Review. He is also co-author of various studies on Asia, including topics such as US military strategy and posture in Asia, anti-Chinese coercion, and US defense cooperation. with regional allies and partners. He is co-editor of two books with Michael Green, “Postwar Japan: Growth, Security, and Uncertainty Since 1945” (CSIS / Rowman & Littlefield, 2017) and “Strategy Japan: New Approaches to Foreign Policy and the US-Japan Alliance” ( CSRS / Rowman and Littlefield, 2014). Dr Cooper graduated from Princeton University with a doctorate. and a master’s degree in security studies and an MPA in international relations. He holds a BA in Public Policy from Stanford University.

Marc Jamison is a visiting scholar at AEI, where he works on how technology affects the economy and on telecommunications and Federal Communications Commission (FCC) issues. He is concurrently Director and Gunter Professor of the Public Utility Research Center at the Warrington College of Business at the University of Florida. Dr Jamison served on the FCC’s Transition Team for President-elect Trump, as Special Advisor to the Chairman of the Florida Governor’s Internet Task Force, and as Chairman of the Transportation and Utilities Group. . Previously, he was Director of Regulatory Policy at Sprint, Head of Research for the Iowa Utilities Board and Communications Economist for the Kansas Corporation Commission. He has also served on various state and federal boards of directors, most notably as chair of the staff subcommittee on communication of the National Association of Commissioners for Regulatory Services. Dr Jamison has written three books, including “Industry Structure and Pricing: The New Rivalry in Infrastructure” (Kluwer Academic Press, 1999), and has contributed to several edited volumes. He has published in academic and policy journals such as the Journal of Competition Law and Economics, Review of Network Economics and Telecommunications Policy. His popular writings have appeared in RealClearMarkets, US News & World Report, The Gainesville Sun, and the Sun Sentinel, among others. Dr Jamison holds a doctorate. in Economics from the Warrington College of Business at the University of Florida. He received a bachelor’s and master’s degree in agricultural education and economics from Kansas State University.

Pierre Rysavy is the President of Rysavy Research LLC, a wireless technology consulting firm since 1993. He is a widely published expert on the capabilities and evolution of wireless technology. He has written over 180 articles, reports, columns and white papers, and has taught over 40 public wireless courses and webcasts. He has also performed technical assessments of numerous wireless technologies including cellular data services, municipal / mesh Wi-Fi networks, Wi-Fi hotspot networks, mobile browser technologies, messaging systems. wireless and social networking applications. From 2000 to 2016, Mr. Rysavy was Executive Director of the Wireless Technology Association, an industry organization that evaluated wireless technologies, studied mobile communications architectures, and promoted wireless data interoperability. From 1988 to 1993, he was vice president of engineering and technology at Traveling Software (later renamed LapLink). Prior to Traveling Software, he spent seven years at Fluke Corporation, where he worked on data acquisition products and touchscreen technology. Mr. Rysavy received a BA and MA in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University in 1979.

Robert strayer is the Assistant Undersecretary for Cyber ​​and International Communication and Information Policy. In this capacity, he leads the development of international cybersecurity, Internet, data and privacy policy and related negotiations with foreign governments. Amb. Strayer was appointed by the President to lead the US delegation of more than 90 people to the Plenipotentiary Conference of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, in 2018, and he served as Vice President of the conference. Prior to joining the Department of State, Amb. Strayer was the attorney general of the US Senate Foreign Relations Committee. In 2015, he taught a seminar on cybersecurity law as an adjunct professor of law at the George Mason University Law School. From 2011 to 2012, he was Director of the Homeland Security Project at the Bipartisan Policy Center. From 2005 to 2011, he served as an adviser and, subsequently, deputy director of Republican personnel on the US Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Government Affairs. From 2002 to 2005, Amb. Strayer practiced telecommunications law at WilmerHale. Prior to that, he worked for then Chief Justice Lanier Anderson at the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit and was Si Karas Fellow in the Ohio Attorney General’s Office. Amb. Strayer received a law degree from Vanderbilt University Law School, where he was a member of the Order of the Headdress, and he received a BA in Economics, summa cum laude, from Denison University.

Shane Tews is a visiting scholar at AEI, where she works primarily on cybersecurity and internet governance issues. She is also President of Logan Circle Strategies, where she focuses on information and communications technology and cybersecurity policy issues. Previously, Ms. Tews managed Internet security and digital commerce issues as Vice President of Global Policy for Verisign Inc. She began her career at George HW Bush’s White House as Deputy Deputy Director in the Office. of Cabinet Affairs and then moved to Capitol Hill. as the legislative director of a member of Congress. She is currently vice-chair of the Internet Education Foundation board of directors and co-chair of the Internet Governance Forum USA. Ms. Tews studied communications at Arizona State University and American University, where she earned a bachelor’s degree in general studies with a focus on communications and political science.

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Amartya Sen and her contribution to the welfare economy

By Welfare economics No Comments

Amartya Sen, economist and philosopher, whose contribution to the welfare economy is globally recognized and appreciated.

Amartya Sen is recognized for his contribution to the welfare economy

Amartya Sen is an Indian economist and philosopher. He has worked in India, UK and USA.

He was born on November 3, 1933 to a Bengali family in Santiniketan, West Bengal. He is the second Indian after Rabindranath Tagore to receive a Nobel Prize.

Here’s what you need to know about him:

Childhood and studies

  • Amartya Sen was the son of Professor Ashutosh Sen and Amita Sen
  • Sen started his studies at St Gregory School in Dhaka, then moved to Santiniketan Viswa-Bharati
  • In 1951 he obtained his first class graduate degree in BA Economics from the Presidency College in Kolkata
  • In the same year, he attended Trinity College, Cambridge and obtained the BA degree in Pure Economics.
  • He was appointed professor and head of department at Jadavpur University in Kolkata
  • After working for some time at the University of Jadavpur, he returned to Cambridge to pursue his doctorate.
  • He was a professor at the Delhi School of Economics and professor of economics at the London School of Economics between 1961 and 1972.


  • Sen’s first book “Collective Choice and Social Welfare” was launched around 1970. This book has been considered one of the most influential monographs dealing with the issue of primary welfare, justice, equality and individual rights.
  • Around 1973, his second book ‘On Economic Inequality’ published on the theories of economics in relation to the study of economic inequalities
  • After that he published numerous publications on the theories of economics

Major works and awards and achievements

  • His publication “Development as freedom” won recognition from the Nobel Prize committee
  • In 1992 he published his book “Inequality Re-examined” which covered all the important themes of his work.
  • He won the Adam Smith Prize in 1954
  • In 1998 he was awarded the Commemorative Nobel Prize in Economics for his contribution to the “welfare economy”
  • He also won the Bharat Ratna Prize IN 1999, the highest civilian honor in India and the National Humanities Medal in 2011

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Joseph Altonji wins the IZA prize in labor economics

By Labor economics No Comments
Joseph altonji

Yale economist Joseph Altonji received the 2018 IZA Labor Economics Award to recognize his fundamental contributions to the economic analysis of labor supply, home economics and discrimination.

Altonji’s contributions have shaped the understanding of how households decide their labor supply in fluctuating business cycles and changing labor markets, if the family is the relevant unit of decision-making. economic and what are the mechanisms at the origin of the discrimination in the labor market ”, indicates the quote of the price. . “A dominant theme of his work is that even the most insightful and fundamental theoretical advances must be supported by rigorous empirical evidence. “

Awarded every two years by the Bonn-based Institute for Labor Economics (IZA), the IZA Prize aims to stimulate research that seeks answers to important labor market policy questions of our time. It will be formally conferred during the IZA 20e birthday celebrations in Berlin on June 28. Previous laureates include renowned economists such as Dale Mortensen and Christopher Pissarides, who each later received the Nobel Prize.

The IZA Prize Committee is made up of seven eminent economists, six of whom are former IZA Prize winners.

Choosing Joe Altonji as this year’s IZA award winner was an obvious choice. His profound contributions to several important areas of labor economics – his keenness to take economic theory and measurement seriously – made the job of the selection committee very easy, ”said Daniel Hamermesh, director of the IZA network, who chairs the committee.

Altonji ’75 BA, Thomas DeWitt Cuyler Professor of Economics, studies issues relating to immigration, race and gender in the labor market, wage determination, labor supply and economic ties between family members.

In July, he will assume the role of president of the Society of Labor Economists, a professional organization of nearly 800 members that promotes the field of labor economics. He is an elected member of the Econometric Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has served on a number of government advisory committees and is currently a member of the United States Federal Advisory Committee on Economic Statistics and the National Science Foundation’s Social, Behavioral, and Economic Science Advisory Committee. He is an associate researcher at the IZA as well as at the National Bureau of Economic Research.

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